Community archaeology

Chirikure, S. and G. Pwiti 2008 Community involvement in archaeology and cultural heritage management: An assessment from case studies in southern Africa and elsewhere. Current Anthropology 49(3):467–485.

Greer, S., R. Harrison and S. MacIntyre-Tamwoy 2002 Community-based archaeology in Australia. World Archaeology 34(2):265–287.

Marshall, Y. 2002 What is community archaeology? World Archaeology 34(2):211–219.

Ross, A., S. Ulm and B. Tobane 2013 Gummingurru—A community archaeology knowledge journey. Australian Archaeology 76:62–79.

Ross, A., K. Pickering Sherman, J.G. Snodgrass, H.D. Delcore and R. Sherman 2011 Indigenous Peoples and the Collaborative Stewardship of Nature: Knowledge Binds and Institutional Conflicts. Walnut Creek: Left Coast Press.

Stottman, M.J. 2010 Archaeologists as Activists: Can Archaeologists Change the World? Tuscaloosa: The University of Alabama Press.

Tully, G. 2007 Community archaeology: General methods and standards of practice. Public Archaeology 6(3):155–187.

Barunga and Jawoyn Country

H. Burke, M. Morrison and C. Smith The Archaeologist’s Field Handbook. Sydney: Allen & Unwin.

David, B., B. Barker, F. Petchey, J.-J. Delannoy, J.-M. Geneste, C. Rowe, M. Eccleston, L. Lamb and R. Whear 2013 A 28,000 year old excavated painted rock from Nawarla Gabarnmang, northern Australia. Journal of Archaeological Science 40(5):2493–2501.David, B., J.-M. Geneste, R.L. Whear, J.-J. Delannoy, M. Katherine, R.G. Gunn, C. Clarkson, H. Plisson, P. Lee, F. Petchey, C. Rowe, B. Barker, L. Lamb, W. Miller, S. Hoerle, D. James, E. Boche, K. Aplin, I.J. McNiven, T. Richards, A. Fairbairn and J. Matthews 2011 Nawarla Gabarnmang, a 45,185±910 cal BP site in Jawoyn Country, southwest Arnhem Land Plateau. Australian Archaeology 73:73–77.

Delannoy, J.-J., B. David, J.-M. Geneste, M. Katherine, B. Barker, R.L. Whear and R.G. Gunn 2013 The social construction of caves and rockshelters: Chauvet Cave (France) and Nawarla Gabarnmang (Australia). Antiquity 87(335):12–29.

Geneste, J.-M., B. David, H. Plisson, J.-J. Delannoy and F. Petchey 2012 The origins of ground-edge axes: New findings from Nawarla Gabarnmang, Arnhem Land (Australia) and global implications for the evolution of fully modern humans. Cambridge Archaeological Journal 22(1):1–17.

Gunn, R.G., L.C. Douglas and R.L. Whear 2011 What bird is that? Identifying a Probable Painting of Genyornis newtoni in Western Arnhem Land. Australian Archaeology 73:1–12.

Gunn, R.G. and R.L. Whear 2007a The Jawoyn rock art and heritage project. Rock Art Research 24(1):5–20.

Gunn, R.G. and R.L. Whear 2007b Tangtangjal Cave revisited. The Artefact: the journal of the Archaeological and Anthropological Society of Victoria 30:16–28.

Gunn, R.G., R.L. Whear and L.C. Douglas 2012 Dating the present at Nawarla Gabarnmang: Time and function in the art of a major Jawoyn rock art and occupation site in western Arnhem Land. Australian Archaeology 75:55–65.

Isaacson, K. and S. Ford 2005. Looking forwardlooking backShaping a shared future, in C. Smith and H.M. Wobst (eds.) Indigenous Archaeologies: Decolonising Theory and Practice: 352-66. London: Routledge.

Jackson, G. and C. Smith 2005 Living and learning on Aboriginal lands: Decolonizing archaeology in practice. In C. Smith and H.M. Wobst (eds), Indigenous Archaeologies: Decolonizing Theory and Practice, pp. 328–351. London: Routledge.

Ralph, J. and C. Smith 2014 ‘We’ve got better things to do than worry about whitefella politics’: Contemporary Indigenous graffiti and recent government interventions in Jawoyn Country. Australian Archaeology 78:75–83.

Smith, C. 1999 Ancestors, place and people: Social landscapes in Aboriginal Australia. In P. Ucko and R. Layton (eds) The Archaeology and Anthropology of Landscape. Shaping your Landscape, pp. 189–205. London and New York: Routledge.

Smith, C. 2004 Country, Kin and Culture: Survival of an Australian Aboriginal Community. Kent Town: Wakefield Press.

Smith, C. 2008 Panache and protocol in Australian Aboriginal art. In Ines Domingo Sanz, Danae Fiore and Sally K. May (eds.) Archaeologies of Art: Time, Place, Identity, pp. 215–241 Walnut Creek: Left Coast Press.

Smith, C. and G. Jackson 2008 A Community-based Review of the Northern Territory Emergency Response. A 188 page report. 

Smith, C. and I. Domingo-Sanz 2016 Beswick Creek Cave six decades later: Change and continuity in the rock art of Doria Gudaluk. Antiquity 90(354):1613–26.

Smith, C. H. Burke, A. Gorman, J. Ralph, K. Pollard, C. Wilson, S. Hemming, D. Rigney, D. Wesley, M. Morrison, D. McNaughton, I. Domingo, I. Moffat, A. Roberts, J. Koolmatrie, J. Willika, I. Pamkal and G. Jackson 2019. Pursuing social justice through collaborative archaeologies in Aboriginal Australia. Archaeologies 15(3).

Smith, C.,  J. Ralph, K. Pollard and C. de Leiuen. 2020. Social justice: material culture as a driver of inequality. In L-A de Cunzo and C. Dann Roebers (eds) Handbook of Material Culture Studies. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Wiynjorroc, P. 2005 Jawoyn plants and animals: Aboriginal flora and fauna knowledge from Nitmiluk National Park and the Katherine area, Northern Australia. Darwin: Department of Natural Resources, Environment and the Arts.

Wiynjorroc, P., P. Manabaru, N. Brown and A. Warner 2005 We just have to show you: research ethics blekbalawei. In C. Smith and H.M. Wobst (eds), Indigenous Archaeologies: Decolonizing Theory and Practice, pp. 316–327. London: Routledge.


AIATSIS 2012 Guidelines for Ethical Research in Australian Indigenous Studies. Canberra: Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies.

Smith, C. and H. Burke 2003 In the Spirit of the Code. In L.J. Zimmerman, K.D. Vitelli and J. Hollowell-Zimmer (eds), Ethical Issues in Archaeology, pp. 177–197. Walnut Creek: AltaMira.

‘The Conversation’ articles

C. Smith What the termite mound ‘snowmen’ of the Northern Territory can tell us about human behaviour. 19th November 2019.

C. Smith, G. Jackson and J. Ralph. Budj Bim’s World Heritage listing is an Australian first-what other Indigenous cultural sites could be next?  18th July 2019.

C. Smith, G. Jackson, G. Gray and V. Copley. Friday Essay: who owns a family’s story? Why it’s time to lift the Berndt field notes embargo.  14th September 2018.

C. Smith, G. Jackson, J. Ralph with J. Willika. A grave omission. The quest to identify the dead in remote Northern Territory. 2nd August 2018.

K. Pollard, C. Smith and J. Ralph Contested spaces: the ‘long-grasses’, living private lives in public places. 20th March 2017.

C. Smith, J. Ralph and K. Pollard The markers of everyday racism in Australia. The Conversation, 26th January 2017.